Bhagavad Gita, literally meaning ‘Song of the Divine’ is a composition of seven hundered and one couplets, written in Sanskrit language and comprised in eighteen chapters.
Part of the great epic of Mahabharta, it is stated to have been composed around 200 B.C. by Rishi Ved Vyasa. It is set against the backdrop of a war between two closely related and intricately interwoven families, those of Kauravas and Pandavas.
Standing between the two armies, when Pandava prince Arjuna saw his near and dear ones on the other side, he was distressed. He wanted to know from his charioteer, who was none other than Lord Krishna, the Supreme God Himself, as to whether instead of killing his loved ones, it was not better for him to renounce the status of a warrior and live like a sanyasi.
Krishna’s answers to the questions asked and doubts raised by Arjuna form the core of Bhagavad Gita.
Gita represents the very essence of Vedas. It also presents a synthesis of different schools of Hindu thought specially the sankhya, yoga and vedanta.
It covers a broad range of spiritual, philosophical, ethical and socio-religious aspects of life. It addresses the most fundamental questions – what is the meaning of life, what is the purpose of life ; and how can one lead a blissful life.
It discusses ways and means by which one can overcome his limitations and achieve his full potential. More than a theoretical concept, Gita is a practical guide in day to day life.
The dilemma which Arjuna faced in the battlefield of Kurukshetra i.e. whether to follow the path of righteousness and deal with the consequences boldly or to compromise with the evil, is being faced by all of us, on daily basis. In fact, the dilemmas being faced and the consequent distresses are much more now due to the multiplicity of avenues and the consequent choices available to us today.
In such circumstances, the advice given by Lord Krishna becomes all the more important. This advice, the essential message of Gita, if followed sincerely, can certainly help all of us in taking right decisions at right time ; and thus achieve materialistic success and spiritual fulfilment.
to be continued…