–(continued from blog 7)–
In Bhagavad Gita, Shri Krishna has suggested different paths treading which one can keep the likes and dislikes and also the consequent desires under control; and thereby save oneself from many evils.
For this purpose, an analysis has been made in shlokas 3.40 to 3.43 as to where does the lust reside and how can it be curbed. It has been stated that the lust resides in senses, mind and the intellect. Through them, it clouds the wisdom and deludes the embodied soul. Therefore, this sinful lust, which is the destroyer of gyan (spiritual wisdom) and also the vigyan (worldly knowledge), must be curbed by controlling the senses, from the very beginning. It has further been stated that the senses are great, but mind is greater than the senses; and the intellect (buddhi) is greater than the mind. And that which is greater than even the intellect, it is the self. Thus knowing the self to be beyond intellect; and steadying the mind through intelligence, one should kill this enemy in the form of lust, which is so hard to get at.
Shri Krishna has thus explained the hierarchy of awareness, in the above shlokas. The Self (Atman) being the awareness itself is the highest. Thus controlling the mind through intelligence, one should destroy the lust which remains present in the senses, mind and the intellect.
In other words, instead of working in a mechanical fashion, one should constantly remain aware about himself, his ego and the mind etc. Instead of working instinctively, he should be guided by his intelligence. In this manner, one can free oneself from the clutches of various vices.
In shlokas 5.27 and 5.28, it has been stated that he who does not worry about external objects ; who concentrates between the eyebrows ; who brings inhalation and exhalation in harmony ; who has obtained freedom from desire, fear and anger ; who has conquered his senses, mind and the intellect ; and who is keen on liberation – such a sage is ever free. In other words, those who bring perfection to their minds through pranayama and meditation, can be free from all anxieties and other vices.
In addition to the above, freedom from evils can be achieved by cultivating equanimity of mind ; and also by performing work without attachment.
To conclude, even while fighting fiercely for his rightful place in the world of competition, one should keep his likes and dislikes and the resultant desires under control, from the very beginning. In this manner, one can keep the lust, anger, greed, fear, anxiety and envy etc. at bay and obtain purity of spirit.
Purity of spirit so attained erases all sorrows. One has a blessed existence as he lives a life of awareness. He experiences happiness and peace from within, without depending upon any object or person in the outside world.
Vijay Singal, author of ‘Bhagavad Gita – Saying it the simple way ‘