Universality of Bhagavad Gita (Blog 62)

Universality of Bhagavad Gita (Blog 62)

One of the salient features of Bhagavad Gita is its liberal and inclusive spirit. It has proclaimed that though expressed, reached and experienced in different ways ; the Supreme Being is one and one alone. All beliefs and practices lead to the same truth. Though different people may climb the mountain from different directions, but the view from the top is alike for all. The ultimate reality is same everywhere.

Gita does not confine itself to a shallow stream of metaphysical thought. It is rather a sea of spiritual wisdom. It brings out the essence of all religious rigmarole – the desire to know the ultimate truth and understand one’s relation with that truth. The teachings of Gita apply to all human beings in equal measure. Sri Krishna (the Supreme Lord) has declared that :

‘ I accept men in whatever manner they approach Me ; for everyone, in one way or the other, is following My path only’ (Shloka 4.11).

This shloka brings out all-embracing nature of the Gita philosophy ; namely that there is only one God, who can be worshipped in different ways. All human beings in every respect follow the path of one Ishvara only. Whether one invokes celestial gods by practising rituals meant to propitiate them, whether he meditates on his favourite sacred form, whether he serves the Supreme by dedicating the fruits of all his actions to Him, whether he devotes himself by worshipping the Supreme Lord in any of His personal forms ; or he seeks oneness with the Unmanifest Absolute – everyone relates to the one Divine. Whenever any worship is done, in whatever form, only the same Divine is worshipped.

Various people worship the Supreme variously. They perceive Him in different forms. But what is important is not the form but the internal urge to search for the truth behind that form. The image one worships is only an aid to help him in realising his true self. So long as the object of worship is capable of keeping one’s attention fixed firmly, it is a valid manifestation of the Divine. More important than the name and the form of the divinity worshipped, or the manner of worship ; is the firmness and steadiness of the mind, and the single-mindedness of the devotion.

Different people comprehend the Divine differently, in accordance with their natural inclination ; and take refuge in Him accordingly. The Supreme accepts every aspirant dotingly, and helps him to grow according to his nature and aspiration. He does not ignore or exclude anyone ; because everyone knowingly or unknowingly, directly or indirectly, is following His path only. God reciprocates to all.

The world is governed by the laws of nature, which are authored by Ishvara, the Supreme Lord. As these laws are universally applicable to everyone equally, the God is not partial to anyone. He is same for all beings. He ensures that everyone gets his due in life.

God is the saviour of all. In whatever manner an aspirant approaches Him, He accepts and blesses him in that very manner. In other words, in whatever mode one worships God, He rewards Him accordingly. He grants appropriate results to those who hanker after fruits of their actions, He grants spiritual wisdom to those who perform their duties selflessly ; and He bestows divine bliss to His exclusive devotees. He grants freedom to those who are men of wisdom and who aspire for liberation. Those who recognise the unmanifest and eternal nature of the Divine ; and surrender completely and unconditionally to the Indwelling Spirit – they attain to the bliss of the Absolute i.e. they gain everlasting truth, all-pervading consciousness and unalloyed joy.

According to the spiritual evolution of individuals and communities concerned, perceptions of the religious authority vary. Those who are spiritually naive, they are not willing to recognise any transcendental reality other than the one  they themselves believe in. Their conviction that only they are the sole possessors of truth makes them more vulnerable to religious falsehood. They remain shackled by the chains of their own dogmatic beliefs.

Bhagavad Gita does not subscribe to such a narrow worldview. It has, on the other hand, delivered to whole of the mankind, a message of  unity of the Godhead. It has been affirmed that though appearing as divided among various beings, the Supreme Brahman is indivisible. He is the one who is supporting all beings, annihilating them ; and creating them afresh. All divine manifestations belong to Him alone. The same God is, thus, worshipped by all.

To conclude, in whatever divine form and through whichever spiritual means, one invokes Ishvara ; He reveals Himself to him through that very form. What is important is not the form and the means of worship, but the sincerity of devotion. An evolved soul can see the underlying unity behind the apparent differences in various ideologies and practices. He, therefore, does not look down upon either the objects or the manner of worship of others.

Vijay Singal

Vijay Singal, a former bureaucrat, is an eminent author in the field of spirituality, philosophy, psychology and religion. He writes both in Hindi and in English. His first book 'Behind Psychology : Searching for the Roots' was published in the year 2002. Since then, he has authored many books on various subjects.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top